(1) Peking Opera costumes do not conform to periods of history. A performer’s costume primarily designates his or her role on the stage no matter the era when the action takes place.
(2) The costume remains the same regardless of the weather. The weather is described verbally in every scene and is portrayed by the actor’s movements, rather than his or her clothing.
(3) Peking Opera costumes must enable the audience to distinguish a character’s sex and status in one glance.
There are 20 major kinds of costumes, including the ceremonial robe, or ‘Mang’; the informal robe, or Pie; and the armour, or Kao, for soldiers. Ten colours are used, half of which are the five primary colours, namely, red, green, yellow, white and black; in contrast to the other group of pink, blue, purple, pale-brown and pale-blue, all of which are labelled secondary colours.
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