Wind instruments produce sound by using the force of blown air to vibrate the tube and reeds of the instruments. The tone produced depends on the strength of this force as well as the organization of the reeds of the intsrument. The more popular wind instruments include the Dizi, Sheng and Suona.
Dizi is a Chinese transverse flute that is usually used in solos and ensembles. It is constructed from bamboo and has 6 to 10 finger holes. Professional players often own a set of 7 different Dizis, each capable of producing a different range of notes.
The Sheng is a mouth-blown reed instrument consisting of many vertical bamboo pipes of varying tube length. To play the Sheng, one blows into a mouthpiece at the base of the instrument, producing a harmonious and continuous tone. Modern-day Sheng has 17-37 pipes inserted into a metal resonating base.
The Suona is a double-reeded wind instrument and is also known as Laba meaning ‘trumpet’ in Chinese. It produces a loud and lively tone and is often used to perform energetic pieces. It is thus common to see Suonas in weddings and ceremonial performances.
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